Havana Peace Agreement

  • Post Author:
  • Post Category:Uncategorized

The various elements of the comprehensive agreement on victims were gradually announced to the public during 2015, with the basic agreement on the “Special Court for Peace” announced on 23 September 2015. A full partial agreement on the victims was announced on 15 December 2015. Overall, the agreement creates a complete system of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition (Sistema Integral de Verdad, Justicia, Reparacién y no Repeticién). The system would try to respect the rights of all victims of armed conflict, including victims of guerrilla, state and paramilitarism. Access to judicial services under the overall system would be conditional on the contribution to the elucidation of the truth and reparations. [120] The Special Court for Peace (PEC) would be the transitional justice component of the general system, which is consistent with Colombia`s duty to investigate, elucidate, prosecute and punish serious human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law during the armed conflict. Their objectives would be to satisfy the right of victims to justice, to offer the truth to public opinion, to contribute to the reparation of victims, to contribute to the fight against impunity, to take decisions that give full legal certainty to direct and indirect belligerents and contribute to the achievement of a stable and lasting peace. [123] In addition, the negotiating parties announced an agreement on security guarantees to ensure the security of social movements, communities, human rights groups, political parties and movements (particularly the political movement that the FARC must establish in their reintegration into civilian life). Symbolically, this agreement includes a “national political pact” with political parties, trade unions and civil society to ensure that weapons are never again used to pursue political objectives or violent organizations that are encouraged. [77] In 1990 and 1991, peace negotiations with several small guerrilla movements led to their demobilization and transformation into civilian political actors. The first group of guerrillas to demobilize after a peace agreement with the Colombian government was the 19 April (M-19) movement, which demobilized its weapons and demobilized in exchange for a general amnesty for all acts committed in the context of the conflict. Other guerrilla groups that demobilized under similar conditions were most fronts of the People`s Liberation Army (EPL) and the Movimiento Armado Quintin Blade (MAQL). [3] However, repeated attempts to find a negotiated solution through formal peace talks between the government and the FARC have failed.