Latvia: On 6 December 2018, the Latvian Parliament voted in favour of the Pact.  The first objective of the Pact concerns the current restrictions on the collection of accurate data in the field of migration, in particular as regards irregular migration. It identifies the need for data collection as a basis for sound policy-making. Finland: The Finnish government approved the final draft in Marrakech in 2018 and voted in favour of the pact at the United Nations.  The only party that questioned the treaty was the Finnish opposition party.  The United States under President Donald Trump also argues that multinational agreements in general, and this in particular, speak against the sovereign power of individual governments. Protests against the deal in Brussels turned violent and led Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel to offer his resignation. The pact was concluded on the 19. It was officially approved by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2018.  Since the Covenant is not an international treaty, it will not be binding under international law.
New Zealand`s Crown Law Office issued a statement as a guide for the New Zealand government, confirming that the pact will not be binding but will not be legally irrelevant, and that “the courts may be prepared to do so. to refer to the Covenant and to take it into account as an aid to the interpretation of immigration legislation”.  Criticism in Europe grew as the date of signature of the agreement approached.